RA 8424: Title III, Chapter II – Compliance Requirements


SEC. 113. Invoicing and Accounting Requirements for VAT-registered Persons. –

(A) Invoicing Requirements. – A VAT-registered person shall issue:

  • (1) A VAT invoice for every sale, barter or exchange of goods or properties; and
  • (2) A VAT official receipt for every lease of goods or properties, and for every sale, barter or exchange of services.

(B) Information Contained in the VAT Invoice or VAT Official Receipt. – The following information shall be indicated in the VAT invoice or VAT official receipt:

  • (1) A statement that the seller is a VAT-registered person, followed by his Taxpayer’s Identification Number (TIN);
  • (2) The total amount which the purchaser pays or is obligated to pay to the seller with the indication that such amount includes the value-added tax: Provided, That:
    • (a) The amount of the tax shall be shown as a separate item in the invoice or receipt;
    • (b) If the sale is exempt from value-added tax, the term ‘VAT-exempt sale’ shall be written or printed prominently on the invoice or receipt;
    • (c) If the sale is subject to zero percent (0%) value-added tax, the term ‘zero-rated sale’ shall be written or printed prominently on the invoice or receipt;
    • (d) If the sale involves goods, properties or services some of which are subject to and some of which are VAT zero-rated or VAT-exempt, the invoice or receipt shall clearly indicate the break-down of the sale price between its taxable, exempt and zero-rated components, and the calculation of the value-added tax on each portion of the sale shall be shown on the invoice or receipt: Provided, That the seller may issue separate invoices or receipts for the taxable, exempt, and zero-rated components of the sale.
  • (3) The date of transaction, quantity, unit cost and description of the goods or properties or nature of the service; and
  • (4) In the case of sales in the amount of One thousand pesos (P1,000) or more where the sale or transfer is made to a VAT-registered person, the name, business style, if any, address and Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) of the purchaser, customer or client.

(C) Accounting Requirements. – Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 233, all persons subject to the value-added tax under Sections 106 and 108 shall, in addition to the regular accounting records required, maintain a subsidiary sales journal and subsidiary purchase journal on which the daily sales and purchases are recorded. The subsidiary journals shall contain such information as may be required by the Secretary of Finance.

(D)  Consequence of Issuing Erroneous VAT Invoice or VAT Official Receipt.

(1)  If a person who is not a VAT-registered person issues an invoice or receipt showing his Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN), followed by the word ‘VAT’:

  • (a) The issuer shall, in addition to any liability to other percentage taxes, be liable to:
    • (i)  The tax imposed in Section 106 or 108 without the benefit of any input tax credit; and
    • (ii) A fifty percent (50%) surcharge under Section 248 (B) of this Code;
  • (b) The VAT shall, if the other requisite information required under Subsection (B) hereof is shown on the invoice or receipt, be recognized as an input tax credit to the purchaser under Section 110 of this Code.

(2) If a VAT-registered person issues a VAT invoice or VAT official receipt for a VAT-exempt transaction, but fails to display prominently on the invoice or receipt the term ‘VAT-exempt sale’, the issuer shall be liable to account for the tax imposed in Section 106 or 108 as if Section 109 did not apply.

(E) Transitional Period. – Notwithstanding Subsection (B) hereof, taxpayers may continue to issue VAT invoices and VAT official receipts for the period July 1, 2005 to December 31, 2005, in accordance with Bureau of Internal Revenue administrative practices that existed as of December 31, 2004. (As amended by RA No. 9337 (May 24, 2005)).

SEC. 114. Return and Payment of Value-added Tax. –

(A) In General. – Every person liable to pay the value-added tax imposed under this Title shall file a quarterly return of the amount of his gross sales or receipts within twenty-five (25) days following the close of each taxable quarter prescribed for each taxpayer: Provided, however, That VAT-registered persons shall pay the value-added tax on a monthly basis: Provided, finally, That beginning January 1, 2023, the filing and payment required under this Subsection shall be done within twenty-five (25) days following the close of each taxable quarter. (As amended by RA No. 10963 (December 19, 2017)).

Any person, whose registration has been cancelled in accordance with Section 236, shall file a return and pay the tax due thereon within twenty-five (25) days from the date of cancellation of registration:

Provided, That only one consolidated return shall be filed by the taxpayer for his principal place of business or head office and all branches.

(B) Where to File the Return and Pay the Tax. – Except as the Commissioner otherwise permits, the return shall be filed with and the tax paid to an authorized agent bank, Revenue Collection Officer or duly authorized city or municipal Treasurer in the Philippines located within the revenue district where the taxpayer is registered or required to register.

(C) Withholding of Value-added Tax. – The Government or any of its political subdivisions, instrumentalities or agencies, including government-owned or -controlled corporations (GOCCs) shall, before making payment on account of each purchase of goods and services which are subject to the value-added tax imposed in Sections 106 and 108 of this Code, deduct and withhold a final value-added tax at the rate of five percent (5%) of the gross payment thereof: Provided, That beginning January 1, 2021, the VAT withholding system under this Subsection shall shift from final to a creditable system: Provided, further, That the payment for lease or use of properties or property rights to nonresident owners shall be subject to twelve percent (12%) withholding tax at the time of payment:

Provided, finally, That payments for purchases of goods and services arising from projects funded by Official Development Assistance (ODA) as defined under Republic Act No. 8182, otherwise known as the ‘Official Development Assistance Act of 1996,’ as amended, shall not be subject to the final withholding tax system as imposed in this Subsection. For purposes of this Section, the payor or person in control of the payment shall be considered as the withholding agent.” (As amended by RA No. 9337 (May 24, 2005), RA No. 10963 (December 19, 2017)).

SECTION 115. Power of the Commissioner to Suspend the Business Operations of a Taxpayer. – The Commissioner or his authorized representative is hereby empowered to suspend the business operations and temporarily close the business establishment of any person for any of the following violations:

(a) In the Case of a VAT-registered Person. –

  • (1) Failure to issue receipts or invoices;
  • (2) Failure to file a value-added tax return as required under Section 114; or
  • (3) Understatement of taxable sales or receipts by thirty percent (30%) or more of his correct taxable sales or receipts for the taxable quarter.

(b) Failure of any Person to Register as Required under Section 236. –

The temporary closure of the establishment shall be for the duration of not less than five (5) days and shall be lifted only upon compliance with whatever requirements prescribed by the Commissioner in the closure order.

(Manual encoding credits: Jacky Margaret Adriano)

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